Meet the most expensive vegetable in the world. Hop shoots are the young, tender shoots of hop vines, and they taste a bit like beer meets asparagus. I haven't done experiments with different varieties, so for the purposes in this post I'm referring to common hops or Humulus lupulus that I harvest wild around Minnesota and Wisconsin.
I was introduced to hop shoots when the University of Minnesota dropped some off for us at St. Paul's Heartland Restaurant and Farm Direct Market where I was sous chef. They had some program with the plants and would bring bags of the cut shoots by after trimming for us to put on the menu. I remember not being too impressed looking at the puny bags of shoots sitting on my station at the restaurant--there wasn't much there--a few shoots per person. But good things come in small packages. Hop shoots could possibly be the most expensive vegetable in the world, and, according to this site: The first 2 pounds are sold by auction and could get as much as 500 Euro per pound! For a vegetable.
The shoots are small, but have a great flavor, as well as an interesting look. They're also easy to harvest, and when picked, actually help the hop plant grow more vigorously, just like cutting back the young growth of herbs. Just last week I cut most of the shoots off of a plant I know (growing on the side of the house) and the next week, there were even more that had grown back to take the place of the ones I'd cut.
Looking for wild (and tame) hops
You probably won't have to venture deep into the woods to find these either, as plenty of places use them as decoration--look for places that use them in landscaping, or grow some in your garden. But I do see them in the woods, more specifically on the edges of woods. Here's a few pointers.
- The easiest trick is looking for vines from the previous year, this can be the best way to see them from afar. I see them often on the sides of bike trails, and on the edges of woods containing hardwoods--but not deep in the woods since they like sun. Stick to the peripheries of your wild places.
- In the winter and fall, you can see the previous years growth, but there's a lot of different vines that look similar. A good way to tell hops apart from them is their leaves, the flowers, and dried flowers and vines from the past year. See images for examples below.
- Grow hops in your garden, or on the side of a house! Hop vines make a great addition to a garden, and are a great example of how you can grow food vertically, as well as horizontally. Add some extra edible biomass to your land. Obviously, you'll need a lot to get large harvests, but they're a great plant to keep around, and they're not that pesky.
- Contact a brewery or a place that grows their own hops and ask if you can pay or help with the pruning process. This is a great way to get hands-on experience and meet the plant, without having to go out in the wilds. If you ask nicely (and buy some of their beer) you might be able to convince the grower to let you take some cuttings or transplants back.
For the biggest harvest, you'll want to find a good wild patch. In my best spot, I can easily harvest pounds in an under an hour--and that's a lot of hop shoots.
A Belgian Delicacy
Wouldn't you know it, places that grow lots of hops for beer might have a habit of eating the shoots. In fact, before I cooked my first hop shoots in a restaurant, I read about them in a book called Europes Master Chefs. Funny enough, I thought that hop shoots must grow white, because the shoots in the dish were white, but that's just a nod to the European method of blanching vegetables to keep their white color. I've never had it with hops, and our wild hops seem to thin to be worth the trouble, but the European hop shoots look as thick as asparagus--I can only imagine the flavor. Someday.
Harvesting and Preparing
Cleaning and preparing them isn't hard at all, but it is important to know that past the tip of the shoot itself, the vine does get tough and fibrous. The first 3 inches (or more on young shoots) or so of the shoot are gold though, and worth picking if you find some.
Cleaning wise, all they need is a quick swish in some water and they're good to go, some may be clean enough to just throw right in the pan. That being said, they're delicate little things, and should be cooked quickly, with a light hand on the seasonings, bury them with a heavy sauce and you won't taste them at all.
Fresh hop shoots, stored in a zip loc with a damp towel can keep for up to a week or more. Once you have some, hop shoot frittata is a great place to start!
Beyond Shoots: Hop Leaves
If you've ever seen a hop vine, you'll know that they make large leaves too. The leaves, from my experience have more of the bitter hop flavor you'd associate with beer, but can definitely still be wilted and eaten as a green when young, or used in something similar to the fun recipe below.
It's pretty simple, but you'll need to make some green pasta. Take some hop leaf puree and mix it into a simple pasta dough, then cut into fettuccine, toss with sauteed hop shoots, ramps and morels and garnished with some cheese.
They also make fun dolmas, although you won't be able to fit tons of filling in them as the leaves are so deeply lobed.
Hop Leaf Fettuccine, With Morels, Ramps, And Hop Shoots
- 1 oz fresh hop shoots roughly a large handful
- 4 oz fresh morels rinsed in cold water to remove dirt, then dried on a towel for 30 minutes
- ¼ cup chicken stock
- ¼ cup dry white wine
- 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
- Kosher salt and black pepper to taste
- 1 tablespoon chopped fresh ramp bulbs
- 4 ounces hop leaf fettuccine recipe follows
- Grating cheese of your choice I used a little aged goat cheese, but pecorino or a nice parmesan would be great too.
- Bring a pot of salted water to a boil for the pasta. In a large saute pan, melt 1 tablespoon of the butter. Add the morels and cook on medium-high heat until caramelized, then add the ramps and cook for 2 minutes more. Deglaze the pan with the wine, then reduce by half and add the chicken stock and hop shoots.
- Cook the pasta for 2-3 minutes in the salted water, stirring occasionally, then drain in a colander and add to the pan with the morels, ramps and hop shoots. Toss the pan to coat the pasta with the liquid in the pan, then increase the heat a bit and add the remaining butter. Toss the pan to incorporate the butter and thicken the sauce, and double check the seasoning for salt and pepper. Make sure not to overcook the hop shoots.
- To plate the pasta, using tongs, remove the pasta from the pan and place the pasta in 2 preheated bowls. Spoon the sauce, morels and hop shoots over the pasta, garnish with a little cheese if using, and serve immediately.
Easy Hop Leaf Pasta
- Pasta roller
- 5 egg yolks
- 2 ounces fresh ramp leaves about 2 packed cups chopped
- 2 cups all purpose flour
- Pinch of salt
- Water as needed
- Semolina flour or cornflour to dust the work surface as needed (optional)
- Bring a pot of lightly salted water to a boil. Blanch the hop leaves for 30 seconds, then refresh in an ice bath and drain. Chop the blanched hop leaves fine, then puree on high speed in a blender with the eggs until finely pureed.
- In the bowl of a stand mixer or by hand, combine the flours, salt, and egg-hop leaf puree. Mix the ingredients together with a paddle attachment until just combined, then switch to the dough hook and knead for a minute or two. Allow the dough to rest for 30 minutes wrapped in cling film before rolling out.
- After cutting, toss the cut pasta in semolina flour or corn flour to prevent sticking. Freeze the pasta or store in the refrigerator for up to 3 days, tossing occasionally with more semolina or cornflour if needed to prevent sticking.
Thanks so much for posting this. I just planted my first two hops and was in need of some advice and inspiration.
This spring, for the first time, I had enough hops shoots to cook. I like them broken into 1.5 to 2 op inch lengths and fried in hot olive oil until the little leaves are crisp and the stems crisp-tender, then served with fleur de sel. Very simple, very tasty.
Is there a specific variety (or varieties) of hops that have a more delectable shoot (there are so many to choose from! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_hop_varieties)? Should I be looking for varieties that are less bitter (have a lower % of alpha acid content) in terms of them having more flavorful shoots? Any thoughts you can share are much appreciated.
Humulus lupulus is what I harvest. I can't speak to others.
I have a mixture of four different hops varieties, obtained originally from a brewing store. There are clear differences in scent among the flower bracts, but all the shoots taste much the same.
As a hops farmer I found your article on hop shoots very interesting and informative. Hop plants are bines not vines. The fruit of the bine is called a hop cone. The hop cone is what is harvested.
Thanks for the clarification. I like to balance technical terminology here with intuitive, easy to understand language. I'll add a little mention of that. Appreciate it!
This is my go to site whenever I learn about a new plant I can eat. So many recipes and ideas- thanks for the fantastic resource! I just picked a bag of hops to try, and the area here where they grow wild is pretty extensive. I'm curious if you know how well they freeze, cause I could absolutely get more!
Cei, you could steam them for just a moment, then spread on a tray and cool. Pack them into bags and freeze or vacuum seal. Add some butter and salt to help shield them from the deep freeze.